AIKEN COUNTY
Date Formed:  1871 Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC,Aiken-SC
Land Area (square miles): 1,073
County Seat: Aiken
Other Cities and Towns: Burnettown, Jackson, Monetta, New Ellenton, North Augusta, Perry, Salley, Wagener, Windsor
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member/ Chair at-Large
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Aiken County and its county seat were named for William Aiken (1806-1831), president of the South Carolina Railroad. The county was formed in 1871 from parts of Orangeburg, Lexington, Edgefield, and Barnwell counties. The area was sparsely settled until the 1830s, when the South Carolina Railroad was built connecting Charleston to the town of Hamburg on the Savannah River with the town of Aiken being established as a depot. In the 1870s, Aiken became a winter resort for wealthy Northerners, and it remains popular with horse trainers and riders. The federal government chose Aiken County in the 1950s to be the site of a hydrogen bomb plant, the Savannah River Site. James F. Byrnes (1879-1972) began his legal and political careers in Aiken before going on to become a U.S. Congressman, Senator, Secretary of State, Supreme Court Justice, and Governor of South Carolina. Other prominent residents of the county were William Gregg (1800-1867), who built the state's first textile mill at Graniteville in 1846, and South Carolina Governor and U.S. Senator James Henry Hammond (1807-1864).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 120,940 10 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 39,159 12
Census Population 2000 142,552 10 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 32.4% 13
Census Population 2010 160,099 11 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 308 16
Population Estimate 2010 160,374 11 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 0.2% 19
Population Estimate 2011 160,682 11 Persons Per Square Mile 149.2 16
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 62,692 10 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $5,504,829 11
Jobs 2009 60,779 10 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $34,325 7
Jobs 2000 61,462 11 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 86% 7
Jobs 1990 65,715 6 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $46,561 1
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.2% 24 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 99% 1
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 3.1% 3 Unemployment Rate 2011 8.8% 40
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 1,913 2
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $3,437
Assessed Property 2010 $550,259,888 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0699 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $566,000 Capital Projects Sales Tax 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $1,068,133,300 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $767,807 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $428,085
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $583
Total Revenues FY10 $93,280,970 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $633
Total Expenditures FY10 $101,265,125 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $327
General Fund Budget FY12 $52,359,442 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $102
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $16,341,478 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $32,355,512 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 812 Standard & Poor's  
Part-Time Employees FY12 58 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.07