BARNWELL COUNTY
Date Formed:  1800 Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell,Barnwell
Land Area (square miles): 548
County Seat: Barnwell
Other Cities and Towns: Blackville, Elko, Hilda, Kline, Snelling, Williston
Form of Government: Council
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Barnwell County and its county seat were named for Revolutionary War leader John Barnwell (1748-1800). The county was originally part of Orangeburg District, and in 1785 it was named Winton County. It was given its current name in 1800. Barnwell County has decreased in size over the years as new counties were created within its boundaries (Aiken in 1871, Bamberg in 1897, and Allendale in 1919). The South Carolina Railroad, which connected Charleston to Hamburg on the Savannah River, was built through this area, creating the towns of Blackville and Williston in the mid-nineteenth century. In more recent years the county was the home of several powerful state politicians, known collectively as the "Barnwell Ring." Included were state Senator Edgar A. Brown (1888-1975), Speaker of the House Solomon Blatt (1895-1986), and Governor Joseph E. Harley (1880-1942).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 20,293 37 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 2,328 35
Census Population 2000 23,478 37 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 11.5% 32
Census Population 2010 22,621 39 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -253 38
Population Estimate 2010 22,611 39 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -1.1% 39
Population Estimate 2011 22,358 39 Persons Per Square Mile 41.3 37
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 6,048 39 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $575,008 40
Jobs 2009 6,382 38 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $25,430 41
Jobs 2000 9,513 33 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 64% 41
Jobs 1990 7,933 36 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $30,923 40
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -1.2% 41 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 66% 40
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -5.2% 44 Unemployment Rate 2011 15.6% 6
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -334 31
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $2,336
Assessed Property 2010 $52,838,398 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1350 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $50,779 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $105,905,129 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $7,583 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $21,966
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $555
Total Revenues FY10 $12,562,195 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $876
Total Expenditures FY10 $19,815,214 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $570
General Fund Budget FY12 $12,904,949 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $27
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $630,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $4,713,364 Moody's  
Full-Time Employees FY12 148 Standard & Poor's  
Part-Time Employees FY12 74 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.54