BERKELEY COUNTY
Date Formed:  1682 Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley,Berkeley
Land Area (square miles): 1,098
County Seat: Moncks Corner
Other Cities and Towns: Bonneau, Charleston, Goose Creek, Hanahan, North Charleston, Jamestown, St. Stephen, Summerville
Form of Government: Council-Supervisor
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester
County History
Berkeley County was named for two of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, Lord John Berkeley (d. 1678) and Sir William Berkeley (d. 1677). The county was originally named in 1682, and at one time it included the parishes of St. John Berkeley, St. James Goose Creek, St. James Santee, St. Stephen, St. Thomas, and St. Denis. In 1769 this area became part of Charleston District, and it did not become a separate county again until 1882. The county seat was Mount Pleasant from 1882 until 1895, when it was moved to Moncks Corner. This area was settled in the late seventeenth century by English and French Huguenot planters and their African slaves. Many of the old rice plantations are now covered by the waters of Lake Moultrie, which was built in the 1940s as part of the Santee-Cooper hydroelectric project. Two famous Revolutionary War generals were residents of the area: William Moultrie (1730-1805) and Francis Marion (1732-1795), known as the Swamp Fox. Henry Laurens (1724-1792), president of the Continental Congress, resided at Mepkin Plantation, which many years later was purchased by publisher Henry Luce (1898-1967). 
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 128,776 9 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 49,067 10
Census Population 2000 142,651 9 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 38.1% 11
Census Population 2010 177,843 9 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 4,760 4
Population Estimate 2010 178,765 9 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 2.6% 1
Population Estimate 2011 183,525 9 Persons Per Square Mile 162.0 13
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 42,168 13 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $5,697,263 9
Jobs 2009 43,015 12 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $31,870 14
Jobs 2000 36,308 15 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 80% 14
Jobs 1990 27,656 16 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $43,553 3
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 2.6% 4 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 93% 3
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -2.0% 31 Unemployment Rate 2011 9.1% 38
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -847 40
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $4,375
Assessed Property 2010 $778,129,117 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0500 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $687,000 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $1,394,669,084 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $575,984 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $364,767
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $619
Total Revenues FY10 $110,073,679 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $657
Total Expenditures FY10 $116,847,492 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $308
General Fund Budget FY12 $54,790,523 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $400
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $68,958,267 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $40,720,033 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 1,037 Standard & Poor's AA-
Part-Time Employees FY12 46 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.83