CHARLESTON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1769 Charleston,Charleston,Charleston,Charleston,Charleston,Charleston,Charleston,Charleston
Land Area (square miles): 919
County Seat: Charleston
Other Cities and Towns: Awendaw, Folly Beach, Hollywood, Isle of Palms, Kiawah Island, Lincolnville, McClellanville, Meggett, Mount Pleasant, Summerville, North Charleston, Ravenel, Seabrook Island, Sullivan's Island
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester
County History
Charleston County and the city of Charleston are the most historic locations in the state. English settlers arrived in the colony of Carolina in 1670 and established a town at Albemarle Point on the west bank of the Ashley River. The settlement, named Charles Town in honor of King Charles II of England, was subsequently moved a few miles away to a peninsula between the Ashley and Cooper rivers. Charles Towne (renamed Charleston in 1783) was the political, social, and economic center of the state throughout the colonial and antebellum periods, and it served as the capital until 1790. Charleston District was formed in 1769, but portions were later split off to form Colleton (1800) and Berkeley (1882) counties. During the Revolutionary War the American forces defeated the attacking British fleet at Charleston in June 1776.  At another Charleston fort, Fort Sumter, federal troops were fired on by Confederate forces in April 1861, signaling the start of the Civil War. Charleston County has had many famous residents, including three signers of the United States Constitution: Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1746-1825), and John Rutledge (1739-1800).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 295,039 2 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 55,170 8
Census Population 2000 309,969 3 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 18.7% 25
Census Population 2010 350,209 3 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 6,368 2
Population Estimate 2010 351,336 3 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 1.8% 4
Population Estimate 2011 357,704 3 Persons Per Square Mile 381.1 3
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 232,160 2 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $14,079,924 2
Jobs 2009 229,572 3 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $40,075 2
Jobs 2000 215,368 3 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 100% 2
Jobs 1990 206,648 1 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $42,580 5
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 0.6% 11 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 91% 5
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 1.1% 5 Unemployment Rate 2011 8.3% 43
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 2,588 1
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $8,136
Assessed Property 2010 $2,849,473,134 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0530 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $2,891,679 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $5,489,669,895 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $4,672,320 Transportation Sales Tax 1.0%
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $8,672,336
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $1,072
Total Revenues FY10 $375,379,500 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $1,218
Total Expenditures FY10 $426,500,949 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $483
General Fund Budget FY12 $168,984,067 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $788
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $275,829,167 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $99,039,123 Moody's Aaa
Full-Time Employees FY12 2,326 Standard & Poor's AAA
Part-Time Employees FY12 160 Fitch AAA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.64