CHEROKEE COUNTY
Date Formed:  1897 Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee,Cherokee
Land Area (square miles): 393
County Seat: Gaffney
Other Cities and Towns: Blacksburg
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Appalachian
County History
Cherokee County was named for the Cherokee Indians who once made it their home. It was formed in 1897 from parts of Spartanburg, Union, and York counties, and the county seat is Gaffney. During the Revolutionary War at the battle of Cowpens, an important victory for the revolutionary forces took place there on January 17, 1781. Iron mining was an important activity in this region up to the time of the Civil War, and it is sometimes called the Old Iron District. In the mid-nineteenth century, the resort at Limestone Springs was a popular retreat for lowcountry planters. Writer Wilbur Joseph Cash (1901-1941) was a native of Cherokee County, as is actress Andie MacDowell.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 44,506 23 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 10,836 19
Census Population 2000 52,537 24 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 24.3% 19
Census Population 2010 55,342 24 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 124 19
Population Estimate 2010 55,416 24 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 0.2% 18
Population Estimate 2011 55,540 24 Persons Per Square Mile 140.8 17
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 18,981 21 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $1,470,297 24
Jobs 2009 19,306 22 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $26,532 31
Jobs 2000 22,994 21 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 66% 31
Jobs 1990 19,647 22 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $34,343 26
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.2% 22 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 73% 26
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -1.7% 28 Unemployment Rate 2011 13.1% 18
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -325 30
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $3,169
Assessed Property 2010 $175,380,052 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0831 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $151,922 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $412,246,896 School District Sales Tax 1.0%
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $42,947 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $106,609
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $442
Total Revenues FY10 $24,455,691 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $483
Total Expenditures FY10 $26,754,132 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $346
General Fund Budget FY12 $19,170,028 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $170
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $9,570,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $8,151,637 Moody's  
Full-Time Employees FY12 268 Standard & Poor's  
Part-Time Employees FY12 29 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 4.84