CLARENDON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon,Clarendon
Land Area (square miles): 607
County Seat: Manning
Other Cities and Towns: Paxville, Summerton, Turbeville
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member/ Chair at-Large
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Santee Lynches
County History
Clarendon County was named for Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon (1608/9-1674), one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. The county was first established in 1785; in 1800 it became part of Sumter District, but then was split from Sumter in 1857. Several Revolutionary War skirmishes took place in this area; at Fort Watson in 1781 British soldiers were driven from a large Indian mound that had been fortified. During the Civil War, Union troops under General Edward Potter moved through the area, burning several plantations. In the 1950s, Clarendon County schools were sued over the issue of racial segregation. The case, Briggs v. Elliott, was one of several cases that eventually led the U.S. Supreme Court to abolish segregation in 1954. Clarendon County can claim five South Carolina Governors, all related: James Burchell Richardson (1770-1836), Richard Irvine Manning (1789-1836), John Peter Richardson (1801-1864), John Laurence Manning (1816-1889), and John Peter Richardson (1831-1899). Children's author Peggy Parish (1927-1988) and tennis player Althea Gibson are also Clarendon natives.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 28,450 34 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 6,521 27
Census Population 2000 32,502 31 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 22.9% 20
Census Population 2010 34,971 28 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -212 34
Population Estimate 2010 34,938 28 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -0.6% 32
Population Estimate 2011 34,726 28 Persons Per Square Mile 57.6 30
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 7,832 32 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $855,489 32
Jobs 2009 8,148 33 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $24,486 43
Jobs 2000 9,175 35 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 61% 43
Jobs 1990 8,575 34 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $29,191 44
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.4% 29 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 62% 44
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -3.9% 39 Unemployment Rate 2011 15.2% 9
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -316 29
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $2,665
Assessed Property 2010 $93,214,190 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1435 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $95,605 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $138,788,881 School District Sales Tax 1.0%
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $53,238 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $117,661
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $726
Total Revenues FY10 $25,403,377 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $766
Total Expenditures FY10 $26,779,497 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $530
General Fund Budget FY12 $18,538,993 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $399
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $13,498,764 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $6,817,884 Moody's  
Full-Time Employees FY12 258 Standard & Poor's A+
Part-Time Employees FY12 34 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 7.38