COLLETON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1800 Colleton,Colleton,Colleton,Colleton,Colleton,Colleton,Colleton,Colleton
Land Area (square miles): 1,056
County Seat: Walterboro
Other Cities and Towns: Cottageville, Edisto Beach, Lodge, Smoaks, Williams
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lowcountry
County History
Colleton County was named for one of the Lords Proprietors, Sir John Colleton (1608-1666). The county was first created in 1682 under the proprietary government, but the designation was seldom used in the colonial period. Instead, the area was known by its parish names: St. Bartholomew, St. Paul, and St. George Dorchester. In 1769 these parishes became part of Charleston District, where they remained until Colleton District was formed in 1800.  A portion of the county was removed in 1897 to form Dorchester County. Several Revolutionary War skirmishes took place in Colleton County, and the state legislature met in the town of Jacksonboro in 1782 while Charleston was occupied by the British. This part of the lowcountry was known for its extensive rice and cotton plantations, many of which were bought by Northerners after the Civil War for use as hunting preserves; some of those lands are now being incorporated into the ACE Basin, a nature preserve bounded by the Ashepoo, Combahee, and Edisto rivers. The Revolutionary War hero Isaac Hayne (1745-1781) was a Colleton resident, as were politicians Rawlins Lowndes (1721-1800) and William Lowndes (1782-1822).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 34,377 27 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 4,515 29
Census Population 2000 38,264 26 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 13.1% 30
Census Population 2010 38,892 26 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -301 41
Population Estimate 2010 38,912 26 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -0.8% 36
Population Estimate 2011 38,611 26 Persons Per Square Mile 36.8 43
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 10,827 27 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $1,104,145 26
Jobs 2009 10,907 27 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $28,375 25
Jobs 2000 11,804 29 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 71% 25
Jobs 1990 11,659 30 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $31,151 37
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.4% 28 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 66% 37
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -0.7% 18 Unemployment Rate 2011 13.0% 19
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -80 16
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $4,563
Assessed Property 2010 $177,463,595 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1133 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $172,393 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $260,811,629 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $53,491 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $528,734
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $846
Total Revenues FY10 $32,893,073 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $1,115
Total Expenditures FY10 $43,360,975 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $690
General Fund Budget FY12 $26,854,149 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $250
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $10,048,950 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $17,009,746 Moody's Aa3
Full-Time Employees FY12 373 Standard & Poor's A+
Part-Time Employees FY12 66 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 9.59