EDGEFIELD COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield,Edgefield
Land Area (square miles): 502
County Seat: Edgefield
Other Cities and Towns: Johnston, North Augusta, Trenton
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 2 years
Council of Government:  Upper Savannah
County History
The origin of the name Edgefield is not clear, although it is usually described as "fanciful." The county was formed in 1785 as part of Ninety Six District; parts of Edgefield later went to form Aiken (1871), Saluda (1895), Greenwood (1897), and McCormick (1916) counties. This part of the upcountry, settled in the late eighteenth century, was the site of several Revolutionary War skirmishes. Although primarily agricultural, Edgefield County developed a thriving pottery industry in the nineteenth century; the old alkaline-glazed Edgefield pottery is highly sought after today. The larger Edgefield County was the home of ten South Carolina governors, including Francis W. Pickens (1805-1869), Benjamin R. Tillman (1847-1918), and Strom Thurmond. Confederate General Martin Witherspoon Gary (1831-1881) was also a resident of Edgefield County.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 18,375 39 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 8,610 22
Census Population 2000 24,595 36 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 46.9% 7
Census Population 2010 26,985 35 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -270 39
Population Estimate 2010 26,940 35 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -1.0% 38
Population Estimate 2011 26,670 35 Persons Per Square Mile 53.8 33
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 6,489 37 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $868,364 30
Jobs 2009 6,617 37 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $32,233 13
Jobs 2000 7,049 38 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 81% 13
Jobs 1990 5,515 39 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $32,140 35
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 0.9% 10 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 68% 35
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -1.9% 30 Unemployment Rate 2011 9.3% 37
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -128 19
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $2,776
Assessed Property 2010 $74,913,714 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0985 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $71,142 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $52,666,575 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $73,679 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 ***
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $501
Total Revenues FY10 $13,523,459 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $415
Total Expenditures FY10 $11,205,498 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $307
General Fund Budget FY12 $8,293,875 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $33
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $895,960 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $4,941,510 Moody's  
Full-Time Employees FY12 150 Standard & Poor's  
Part-Time Employees FY12 6 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.56