FAIRFIELD COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield,Fairfield
Land Area (square miles): 687
County Seat: Winnsboro
Other Cities and Towns: Ridgeway
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Central Midlands
County History
The origin of the name Fairfield is not known, but local legend attributes it to a remark by Lord Cornwallis about the "fair fields" of the area. The county was formed in 1785 as a part of Camden District. The town of Winnsboro, which was settled around 1755, is the county seat. Fairfield County lies between the upcountry and the lowcountry areas of the state, and it was settled both by Scotch-Irish immigrants from colonies to the north and by English and French Huguenot planters from the lowcountry. In the colonial period this area was a center for the Regulator movement, which sought to bring law and order to the backcountry. During the Revolutionary War, Lord Cornwallis made his headquarters in Winnsboro from October 1780 to January 1781; the county was also invaded by General Sherman's troops during the Civil War. Cotton production was the major economic activity of the area, but the county also produced Winnsboro Blue Granite. Some prominent residents of the county were Regulator leader Thomas Woodward (d. 1779), Revolutionary War soldier Richard Winn (1750-1818), and artist Laura Glenn Douglas (1886-1962).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 22,295 36 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 1,661 36
Census Population 2000 23,454 38 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 7.5% 36
Census Population 2010 23,956 38 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -307 42
Population Estimate 2010 23,878 38 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -1.3% 43
Population Estimate 2011 23,571 38 Persons Per Square Mile 34.9 44
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 7,243 35 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $635,209 39
Jobs 2009 6,763 36 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $26,602 30
Jobs 2000 8,277 37 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 67% 30
Jobs 1990 8,222 35 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $44,857 2
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.6% 31 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 95% 2
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 7.1% 1 Unemployment Rate 2011 12.4% 20
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 480 5
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $5,042
Assessed Property 2010 $120,795,029 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1770 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $119,939 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $84,047,858 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $29,654 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $27,404
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $1,350
Total Revenues FY10 $32,342,921 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $1,633
Total Expenditures FY10 $39,114,402 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $1,005
General Fund Budget FY12 $24,083,013 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $304
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $7,270,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $9,957,870 Moody's  
Full-Time Employees FY12 272 Standard & Poor's A+
Part-Time Employees FY12 35 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 11.35