GREENVILLE COUNTY
Date Formed:  1786 Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville,Greenville
Land Area (square miles): 790
County Seat: Greenville
Other Cities and Towns: Fountain Inn, Greer, Mauldin, Simpsonville, Travelers Rest
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 12
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Appalachian
County History
The origins of the name Greenville County are uncertain, but the county was probably named for Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene (1742-1786) or for an early resident, Isaac Green. This part of the state was the territory of the Cherokee Indians until 1777. Scotch-Irish and English settlers began moving into the area soon after it was ceded to the state. Greenville District was created in 1786, but from 1791 to 1800 it was part of the larger Washington District. The county seat was originally named Pleasantburg, but in 1831 the name was changed to Greenville. Because of its location in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Greenville County became a popular summer retreat for lowcountry planters. Encouraged by abundant streams and rivers, textile manufacturers began operating in the area as early as the 1820s, and after the Civil War Greenville County became a textile center. Diplomat and U.S. Congressman Waddy Thompson (1798-1868) was a resident of Greenville, and in more recent years the county has produced baseball player "Shoeless Joe" Jackson (1887-1951), Nobel Prize winner Charles Townes, and civil rights leader Jesse Jackson.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 320,167 1 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 131,058 1
Census Population 2000 379,616 1 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 40.9% 9
Census Population 2010 451,225 1 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 8,036 1
Population Estimate 2010 453,263 1 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 1.7% 5
Population Estimate 2011 461,299 1 Persons Per Square Mile 571.2 1
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 247,639 1 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $16,510,427 1
Jobs 2009 245,955 1 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $36,426 4
Jobs 2000 258,326 1 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 91% 4
Jobs 1990 205,495 3 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $41,880 7
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 1.0% 9 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 89% 7
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 0.7% 6 Unemployment Rate 2011 8.1% 44
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 1,684 3
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $4,627
Assessed Property 2010 $2,087,977,468 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0612 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $1,864,750 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $5,477,840,655 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $2,661,658 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $2,005,649
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $451
Total Revenues FY10 $203,663,087 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $423
Total Expenditures FY10 $190,810,653 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $288
General Fund Budget FY12 $129,911,539 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $200
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $89,600,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $74,321,725 Moody's Aaa
Full-Time Employees FY12 1,662 Standard & Poor's AAA
Part-Time Employees FY12 242 Fitch AAA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 3.68