LANCASTER COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster,Lancaster
Land Area (square miles): 549
County Seat: Lancaster
Other Cities and Towns: Heath Springs, Kershaw
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
Lancaster County and its county seat were named for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The county was formed in 1785, and it was originally part of Camden District. A part of Lancaster County was removed in 1791 to form Kershaw County. Scotch-Irish settlers from Pennsylvania began moving into this upstate region in the 1750s. The Waxhaws settlement on the border with North Carolina was the birthplace of President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). During the Revolutionary War British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton earned his nickname of "Bloody" Tarleton by massacring American troops in this area on May 29, 1780; the Battle of Hanging Rock was also fought in the county later the same year. Although Lancaster County has been primarily agricultural, gold mining began there in the 1820s and textile manufacturing sprang up following the Civil War. Governor and U.S. Senator Stephen Decatur Miller (1787-1838), surgeon J. Marion Sims (1813-1883), industrialist Elliott White Springs (1896-1959), and astronaut Charles M. Duke, Jr. were all Lancaster County residents.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 54,516 21 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 22,136 15
Census Population 2000 61,351 21 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 40.6% 10
Census Population 2010 76,652 17 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 946 12
Population Estimate 2010 76,962 17 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 1.2% 8
Population Estimate 2011 77,908 17 Persons Per Square Mile 139.6 18
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 17,521 23 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $1,926,356 22
Jobs 2009 16,740 24 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $25,030 42
Jobs 2000 21,756 23 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 63% 42
Jobs 1990 19,862 21 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $36,143 19
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.6% 30 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 77% 19
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 4.7% 2 Unemployment Rate 2011 13.9% 12
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 781 4
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $3,676
Assessed Property 2010 $281,779,833 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0830 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $244,537 Capital Projects Sales Tax 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $392,757,048 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $58,524 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $33,965
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $612
Total Revenues FY10 $46,905,445 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $850
Total Expenditures FY10 $65,134,550 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $422
General Fund Budget FY12 $32,367,071 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $283
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $21,278,707 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $13,823,196 Moody's Aa3
Full-Time Employees FY12 376 Standard & Poor's A
Part-Time Employees FY12 356 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 4.91