LEXINGTON COUNTY
Date Formed:  1804 Lexington,Lexington,Lexington,Lexington,Lexington,Lexington,Lexington,Lexington
Land Area (square miles): 699
County Seat: Lexington
Other Cities and Towns: Batesburg-Leesville, Cayce, Chapin, Columbia, Gaston, Gilbert, Irmo, Pelion, Pine Ridge, South Congaree, Springdale, Summit, Swansea, West Columbia
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 9
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Central Midlands
County History
Lexington County was named for the Battle of Lexington, Massachusetts, the first battle of the American Revolution. This part of the state was designated as Lexington County from 1785 to 1791, then was merged back into the larger Orangeburg District. Lexington was eventually made a separate district in 1804. Small parts of the county later went to form Aiken (1871) and Calhoun (1908) counties. European settlement of this area began around 1718 when the British established a trading post on the Congaree River, which eventually became the town of Granby. Beginning in the 1730s many German, Swiss, and Scotch-Irish immigrants moved into the area and established small farms. Granby was the leading town and county seat for many years, but the growth of Columbia across the Congaree led to Granby's decline, and the county seat was moved to the town of Lexington in 1818. General Sherman's troops shelled the city of Columbia from the Lexington side of the Congaree during the Civil War. In 1930 Lake Murray was created on the Saluda River in Lexington County, covering many of the old farms and creating new recreational opportunities.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 167,611 5 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 94,780 4
Census Population 2000 216,014 5 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 56.5% 6
Census Population 2010 262,391 6 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 3,669 5
Population Estimate 2010 263,460 6 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 1.4% 7
Population Estimate 2011 267,129 6 Persons Per Square Mile 375.4 4
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 101,266 6 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $9,077,815 4
Jobs 2009 101,920 6 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $34,456 6
Jobs 2000 89,554 6 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 86% 6
Jobs 1990 63,080 7 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $36,318 18
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 3.0% 2 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 77% 18
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -0.6% 15 Unemployment Rate 2011 7.8% 46
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -654 37
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $4,080
Assessed Property 2010 $1,070,649,900 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0784 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $987,831 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $2,899,413,014 School District Sales Tax 1.0%
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $632,865 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $658,696
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $651
Total Revenues FY10 $170,910,218 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $537
Total Expenditures FY10 $140,973,958 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $390
General Fund Budget FY12 $102,382,698 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $156
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $40,497,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $50,592,727 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 1,354 Standard & Poor's AA
Part-Time Employees FY12 126 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.16