OCONEE COUNTY
Date Formed:  1868 Oconee,Oconee,Oconee,Oconee,Oconee,Oconee,Oconee,Oconee
Land Area (square miles): 625
County Seat: Walhalla
Other Cities and Towns: Salem, Seneca, West Union, Westminster
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 5
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Appalachian
County History
Oconee County, which was formed in 1868 from Pickens County, takes its name from an Indian word. This area in the northwest corner of the state on the edge of the Blue Ridge Mountains was home to several Indian tribes, including the Creeks and the Cherokees, but the Indians gave up their lands in treaties signed in 1777 and 1785. After the American Revolution, settlers from other parts of the state began moving in, including the Germans from Charleston who founded the town of Walhalla in 1850. In 1856 work began on a tunnel for the Blue Ridge Railroad that would have linked Charleston with Knoxville, Tennessee, but the Civil War ended that project; the unfinished Stumphouse Tunnel can still be seen today. Several Revolutionary War heroes moved to present day Oconee County after the war, including Andrew Pickens (1739-1817), Robert Anderson (1741-1813), and Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806). 
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 57,494 20 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 16,779 17
Census Population 2000 66,215 20 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 29.2% 15
Census Population 2010 74,273 18 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 14 21
Population Estimate 2010 74,404 18 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 0.0% 22
Population Estimate 2011 74,418 18 Persons Per Square Mile 118.8 20
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 23,281 19 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $2,345,709 17
Jobs 2009 22,970 19 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $31,527 16
Jobs 2000 27,827 18 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 79% 16
Jobs 1990 26,795 17 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $41,954 6
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.7% 35 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 89% 6
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 1.4% 4 Unemployment Rate 2011 10.1% 31
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 311 7
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $6,929
Assessed Property 2010 $514,602,648 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0690 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $509,276 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $449,174,277 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $216,705 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $108,114
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $635
Total Revenues FY10 $47,140,606 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $539
Total Expenditures FY10 $40,053,470 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $581
General Fund Budget FY12 $43,142,640 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $358
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $26,577,659 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $17,885,347 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 461 Standard & Poor's AA-
Part-Time Employees FY12 63 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 6.21