ORANGEBURG COUNTY
Date Formed:  1769 Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg,Orangeburg
Land Area (square miles): 1,106
County Seat: Orangeburg
Other Cities and Towns: Bowman, Branchville, Cope, Cordova, Elloree, Eutawville, Holly Hill, Livingston, Neeses, North, Norway, Rowesville, Santee, Springfield, Vance, Woodford
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Lower Savannah
County History
Orangeburg County was named for William IV (1711-1751), Prince of Orange, the son-in-law of King George II. Orangeburg District was established in 1769, and from 1785 to 1791 it included four counties: Lexington, Orange, Winton, and Lewisburg. The district was reduced in size when Barnwell (1800) and Lexington (1804) districts were formed; parts of Orangeburg also went to form Aiken (1871) and Calhoun (1908) counties. Swiss and German farmers moved into this region around 1735, and English settlers from the lowcountry followed. The battle of Eutaw Springs was fought there during the Revolutionary War on September 8, 1781; it was the last major battle of the war in South Carolina. Large plantations using slave labor were established in Orangeburg in the nineteenth century, and the county became a major producer of cotton. Railroads arrived in the area early; Branchville became the first railroad junction in the state in 1840. Union troops under General Sherman passed through Orangeburg in February 1865. Orangeburg County was the birthplace of historian Alexander S. Salley (1871-1961) and singer Eartha Kitt.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 84,803 15 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 7,698 25
Census Population 2000 91,582 16 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 9.1% 35
Census Population 2010 92,501 16 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -429 46
Population Estimate 2010 92,339 16 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -0.5% 30
Population Estimate 2011 91,910 16 Persons Per Square Mile 83.6 23
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 32,976 15 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $2,613,881 16
Jobs 2009 33,708 15 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $28,307 26
Jobs 2000 38,862 14 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 71% 26
Jobs 1990 34,910 14 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $33,602 28
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.3% 25 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 71% 28
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -2.2% 32 Unemployment Rate 2011 14.5% 10
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -732 38
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $3,333
Assessed Property 2010 $308,316,699 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1247 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $226,826 Capital Projects Sales Tax 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $620,390,183 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $185,615 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $483,172
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $781
Total Revenues FY10 $72,277,465 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $1,048
Total Expenditures FY10 $96,968,716 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $339
General Fund Budget FY12 $31,342,257 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $604
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $55,489,911 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $18,154,135 Moody's A2
Full-Time Employees FY12 511 Standard & Poor's A
Part-Time Employees FY12 184 Fitch A