SUMTER COUNTY
Date Formed:  1800 Sumter,Sumter,Sumter,Sumter,Sumter,Sumter,Sumter,Sumter
Land Area (square miles): 665
County Seat: Sumter
Other Cities and Towns: Mayesville, Pinewood
Form of Government: Council-Administrator
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Santee Lynches
County History
Sumter County and its county seat were named for Revolutionary War General Thomas Sumter (1734-1832), who was a resident of the area. This county has changed its name and boundaries several times. In 1785 Claremont County was formed as a part of Camden District; a part of the county was later split off in 1791 to form Salem County. Claremont, Clarendon, and Salem counties were combined into Sumter District in 1800. Clarendon was once again split off in 1857, however, and another small part of Sumter County went to form Lee County in 1902. This part of the state began attracting English settlers from the lowcountry and from Virginia in the mid-eighteenth century. The area known as the High Hills of Santee, a narrow ridge along the Wateree River, was famous for its healthy climate and rich soil. Sumter County eventually became a leading agricultural region. In 1941, Shaw Air Force Base was established near Sumter, and it continues today as an active duty fighter base. Confederate General Richard Heron Anderson (1821-1879) was a Sumter resident, as were opera singer Clara Louise Kellogg (1842-1916) and educator Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955).
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 102,637 12 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 4,819 28
Census Population 2000 104,646 14 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 4.7% 38
Census Population 2010 107,456 15 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -95 26
Population Estimate 2010 107,555 15 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -0.1% 25
Population Estimate 2011 107,460 15 Persons Per Square Mile 161.6 14
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 42,731 12 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $3,141,881 15
Jobs 2009 42,600 13 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $29,212 20
Jobs 2000 50,482 12 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 73% 20
Jobs 1990 43,721 12 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $35,431 22
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -0.1% 21 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 75% 22
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 0.3% 8 Unemployment Rate 2011 11.4% 25
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 131 8
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $2,760
Assessed Property 2010 $296,552,020 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1768 Local Option Sales Tax 1.0%
Value of One Mil 2011 $256,900 Capital Projects Sales Tax 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $707,351,909 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $162,455 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $250,310
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $1,327
Total Revenues FY10 $142,578,606 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $1,462
Total Expenditures FY10 $157,110,702 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $362
General Fund Budget FY12 $38,876,299 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $196
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $20,968,737 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $16,706,783 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 553 Standard & Poor's A
Part-Time Employees FY12 92 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.15