UNION COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 Union,Union,Union,Union,Union,Union,Union,Union
Land Area (square miles): 514
County Seat: Union
Other Cities and Towns: Carlisle, Jonesville, Lockhart
Form of Government: Council-Supervisor
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 4 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
Union County was named for the old Union Church, which served both the Presbyterian and Episcopal congregations in the area. The church was erected in 1765 near the present day town of Union, the county seat. Union County was created as a part of Ninety Six District in 1785. It was part of Pinckney District from 1791 to 1800 and became a separate district when Pinckney was dissolved in 1800. The upper part of the county later went to form Cherokee County in 1897. The early settlers in this area were mainly Scotch-Irish from Virginia and Pennsylvania, who began immigrating to the South Carolina upcountry in the 1750s. Much fighting took place here during the Revolutionary War, including the battles of Musgrove's Mill (August 18, 1780) and Blackstocks (November 20, 1780). Revolutionary leaders Thomas Brandon (1741-1802) and Joseph McJunkin (1755-1846) were from Union County, as were Confederate Generals States Rights Gist (1831-1864) and William Henry Wallace (1827-1905). Secession Governor William Henry Gist (1807-1874) made his home at Rose Hill Plantation in Union County, now a state park.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 30,337 31 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 -1,376 45
Census Population 2000 29,881 33 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 -4.5% 43
Census Population 2010 28,961 33 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -219 35
Population Estimate 2010 28,898 33 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 -0.8% 34
Population Estimate 2011 28,679 33 Persons Per Square Mile 56.3 32
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 7,192 36 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $749,825 34
Jobs 2009 7,529 35 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $25,947 37
Jobs 2000 11,168 30 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 65% 37
Jobs 1990 10,948 31 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $31,020 38
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 -1.7% 45 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 66% 38
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 -4.5% 41 Unemployment Rate 2011 16.2% 4
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 -337 32
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $2,272
Assessed Property 2010 $65,797,847 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.1329 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $61,000 Capital Projects Sales Tax  
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $121,449,949 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $13,885 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $21,854
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $583
Total Revenues FY10 $16,871,901 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $606
Total Expenditures FY10 $17,538,398 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $412
General Fund Budget FY12 $11,919,562 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 $146
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $4,025,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $5,390,739 Moody's A1
Full-Time Employees FY12 154 Standard & Poor's  
Part-Time Employees FY12 117 Fitch  
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 5.32