YORK COUNTY
Date Formed:  1785 York,York,York,York,York,York,York,York
Land Area (square miles): 682
County Seat: York
Other Cities and Towns: Clover, Fort Mill, Hickory Grove, McConnells, Rock Hill, Sharon, Smyrna, Tega Cay
Form of Government: Council-Manager
Council Members: 7
Method of Election: Single Member
Term Length: 2 years
Council of Government:  Catawba
County History
York County and its county seat were named for York County, Pennsylvania. The county was first established in 1785 as part of Camden District. From 1791 to 1800 it was part of Pinckney District, and it became a separate district when Pinckney was dissolved in 1800. Part of the county went to form Cherokee County in 1897. When European settlers arrived, this part of the state was inhabited by the Catawba Indians. The Catawbas signed a treaty with the English in 1763, relinquishing their rights to much of their land. This treaty opened up the area to Scotch-Irish settlers moving down from Pennsylvania and up from the lowcountry. The Catawba Nation is now the only federally-recognized Indian tribe in the state. Two battles were fought in this area during the Revolutionary War, Williamson's Plantation (July 12, 1780) and Kings Mountain (October 7, 1780); the latter battle was a major victory for the Americans. Small-scale cotton farming was prevalent in the county in the nineteenth century, but textile mills became important in the twentieth century, contributing to the growth of the county's largest city, Rock Hill.
Population Trends Value Rank Value Rank
Census Population 1990 131,497 8 Numeric Change Census 1990-2010 94,576 5
Census Population 2000 164,614 8 Percent Change Census 1990-2010 71.9% 3
Census Population 2010 226,073 7 Numeric Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 3,569 6
Population Estimate 2010 226,959 7 Percent Change Pop. Est. 2010-2011 1.5% 6
Population Estimate 2011 230,528 7 Persons Per Square Mile 331.5 6
Economic Data Value Rank Value Rank
Jobs 2010 79,786 7 Personal Income 2010, in thousands $7,468,372 7
Jobs 2009 79,448 7 Per Capita Personal Income 2010 $32,906 11
Jobs 2000 67,589 10 % of U.S. Per Capita PI 2010 64% 11
Jobs 1990 53,360 10 Average Wage Per Job 2010 $38,939 11
Avg. Ann. Growth Rate Jobs 1990-2010 2.5% 5 % of U.S. Avg. Wage Per Job 2010 83% 11
Percent Change Jobs 2009-2010 0.4% 7 Unemployment Rate 2011 13.6% 14
Numeric Change Jobs 2009-2010 338 6
Value
Tax Data Value Per Capita Assessed Property 2010 $4,691
Assessed Property 2010 $1,060,433,663 Additional Sales Tax, if applicable:
County Base Millage Rate 2011 0.0625 Local Option Sales Tax  
Value of One Mil 2011 $1,107,591 Capital Projects Sales Tax 1.0%
Net Taxable Sales FY10 $1,689,643,874 School District Sales Tax  
Admissions Tax Collected FY10 $1,530,817 Transportation Sales Tax  
Accommodations Tax Collected FY10 $522,623
Value
County Finance & Employment Data Value Per Capita Revenues FY10 $600
Total Revenues FY10 $135,611,847 Per Capita Expenditures FY10 $661
Total Expenditures FY10 $149,488,538 Per Capita Gen. Fund Budget FY12 $360
General Fund Budget FY12 $81,413,199 Per Capita Debt Outstanding FY11 ***
Total Debt Outstanding FY11 $81,360,000 Credit Rating(s) FY11, if applicable:
Payroll FY12 $39,212,504 Moody's Aa2
Full-Time Employees FY12 927 Standard & Poor's AA
Part-Time Employees FY12 118 Fitch AA
Full-Time Emp/1,000 Cnty Residents 4.10